Business and Human Rights: Protect, Respect and Remedy Policy Framework


In 2008, UN Expert Professor John Ruggie proposed a “Protect, Respect and Remedy” policy framework for businesses to adopt in relation to human rights, and which was adopted unanimously by the Human Rights Council. The framework rests on three pillars:

  • The duty of the State to protect against human rights abuses;
  • corporate responsibility to respect human rights and;
  • greater access for victims to effective remedy.

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